With reference to the United Nations General Assembly, consider the following statements:
- The UN General Assembly can grant observer status to the non-member States.
- Inter-governmental organisations can seek observer status in the UN General Assembly.
- Permanent Observers in the UN General Assembly can maintain missions at the UN headquarters.
Which of the statements given above are correct?
[UPSC Civil Services Exam – 2022 Prelims]
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
United Nations General Assembly
- The General Assembly is the primary policymaking, representative, and deliberative body of the UN, with universal representation from all 193 Member States.
- The General Assembly meets annually in September for a session and general debate, with many heads of state attending and addressing.
- Important decisions require a two-thirds majority of the General Assembly, while other questions are decided by a simple majority.
- Non-member states, international organizations, and other entities may be granted Permanent Observer Status by the General Assembly, with observer status limited to those whose activities cover matters of interest to the Assembly.
- The President of the General Assembly is elected each year for a one-year term of office.
- Permanent Observers may participate in the sessions and workings of the General Assembly and maintain missions at the UN Headquarters.