With reference to the religious history of India, consider the following statements:

  1. Sthaviravadins belong to Mahayana Buddhism.
  2. Lokottaravadin sect was an offshoot of Mahasanghika sect of Buddhism.
  3. The deification of Buddha by Mahasanghikas fostered Mahayana Buddhism.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

[UPSC Civil Services Exam – 2020 Prelims]

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3


Answer: (b)

Explanation:

  • Statement 1 is incorrect as the Sthaviravadins belong to the Theravada tradition.
  • Statement 2 is correct as the Lokottaravada was a subgroup that emerged from the Mahasanghika sect of Buddhism, according to Mahayana doxological sources compiled by Bhaviveka, Vinitadeva, and others.
  • Statement 3 is correct as the Mahasaṅghikas believed in a plurality of supramundane (lokottara) buddhas and were known to patronize Mahayana Buddhism.

Therefore, option (b) is the correct answer.

Consider the following statements:                                                                   The Parliament of India can place a particular law in the Ninth Schedule of the Constitution of India. The validity of a law placed in the Ninth Schedule cannot be examined by any court and no judgement can be made on it. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Consider the following statements:                                               

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Consider the following statements:                                                         The Parliament of India can place a particular law in the Ninth Schedule of the Constitution of India. The validity of a law placed in the Ninth Schedule cannot be examined by any court and no judgement can be made on it. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Consider the following statements:                                               

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