With reference to the history of India, “Ulgulan” or the Great Trumult is the description of which of the following events?
[UPSC Civil Services Exam – 2020 Prelims]
(a) The Revolt of 1857
(b) The Mappila Rebellion of 1921
(c) The Indigo Revolt of 1859-60
(d) Birsa Munda’s Revolt of 1899-1900
- Birsa Munda was born in 1874 to a sharecropper and received some education from missionaries.
- He criticized traditional tribal customs and religious beliefs, urging the Mundas community to abandon animal sacrifice and uphold the tribal tradition of worship in sacred groves.
- He led a rebellion called Ulgulan, or the Great Tumult, to establish Munda rule in the land. This uprising is considered one of the most important tribal uprisings.
Therefore, option (d) is the correct answer.