With reference to the cultural history of India, consider the following statements:

  1. White marble was used in making Buland Darwaza and Khankah at Fatehpur Sikri.
  2. Red Sandstone and marble were used in making Bara Imambara and Rumi Darwaza in Lucknow.

Which of the following statements given above is/are correct?

[UPSC Civil Services Exam – 2018 Prelims]

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2


Answer: (d)

Explanation:

  • Buland Darwaza:
    • The Buland Darwaza, situated in Fatehpur Sikri, was constructed in 1602 A.D by the esteemed Mughal emperor, Akbar.
    • This magnificent structure was built to commemorate his triumph over Gujarat.
    • It is skillfully crafted using a combination of red and buff sandstone, adorned with intricate carvings and embellishments made of white and black marble.
    • Although red sandstone was commonly employed by the Mughals in their architectural endeavors, this statement contradicts the official UPSC answer key.
  • Bara Imambara:
    • The Bara Imambara, located in Lucknow, was commissioned by Asaf-ud-Daula, the Nawab of Awadh, in 1784.
    • This architectural marvel boasts a remarkable feature: there is no woodwork incorporated throughout its entirety.
    • The roof of the structure is ingeniously assembled using interlocking bricks, eliminating the need for beams or girders.
  • Rumi Darwaza:
    • Constructed in 1784 by Nawab Asaf-ud-daula, the Rumi Darwaza is another prominent structure in Lucknow.
    • This darwaza (gate) is primarily composed of bricks, which are then coated with lime, lending it a striking appearance.

Therefore, option (d) is the correct answer.

Consider the following statements:                                                                   The Parliament of India can place a particular law in the Ninth Schedule of the Constitution of India. The validity of a law placed in the Ninth Schedule cannot be examined by any court and no judgement can be made on it. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Consider the following statements:                                               

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Consider the following statements:                                                         The Parliament of India can place a particular law in the Ninth Schedule of the Constitution of India. The validity of a law placed in the Ninth Schedule cannot be examined by any court and no judgement can be made on it. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Consider the following statements:                                               

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