With reference to the British colonial rule in India, consider the following statements:
- Mahatma Gandhi was instrumental in the abolition of the system of ‘indentured labour’.
- In Lord Chelmsford’s ‘War Conference’, Mahatma Gandhi did not support the resolution on recruiting Indians for World War.
- Consequent upon the breaking of Salt Law by Indian people, the Indian National Congress was declared illegal by the colonial rulers.
Which of the statements given above are correct?
[UPSC Civil Services Exam – 2019 Prelims]
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
- Gandhi played a key role in abolishing the indentured labour system in the British Empire. Hence, Statement 1 is correct.
- Gandhi did not support the resolution on recruiting Indians for World War I during Lord Chelmsford’s ‘War Conference’. Hence, Statement 2 is not correct.
- The breaking of the Salt Law by Indian people during the Dandi March led to the Indian National Congress being declared illegal by colonial rulers in January 1932. Hence, Statement 3 is correct.
Therefore, option (b) is the correct answer.