With reference to the book ‘Desher Katha’ written by Sakharam Ganesh Deuskar during the freedom struggle, consider the following statements:

  1. It warned against the Colonial State’s hypnotic conquest of the mind.
  2. It inspired the performance of swadeshi street plays and folk songs.
  3. The use of ‘desh’ by Deuskar was in the specific context of the region of Bengal.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

[UPSC Civil Services Exam – 2020 Prelims]

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3


Answer: (a)

Explanation:

  • Sakharam Ganesh Deuskar and his book ‘Desher Katha’
  • Background:
    • Deuskar was a close associate of Sri Aurobindo
    • He studied at Deoghar School and later became a teacher
  • Content of ‘Desher Katha’:
    • First published in June 1904 and sold 10,000 copies in four editions within a year
    • Detailed description of British commercial and industrial exploitation of India
    • Summarized the work of M.G. Ranade and D. Naoroji in a popular idiom
    • Warned against the colonial state’s “hypnotic conquest of the mind”
  • Impact of ‘Desher Katha’:
    • Had an immense effect on young minds during the Swadeshi Movement
    • Became mandatory reading for an entire generation of Swadeshi activists
    • Informed people about Swadeshi street plays and folk songs
  • Misconception:
    • Statement 3 (“Sri Aurobindo was the first to relate the English equivalent of ‘Swaraj’ with ‘Independence'”) is not correct.
  • Deuskar’s concept of ‘Desh’:
    • Used ‘desh’ to mean nation
    • Overlap of place of origin and nation, as well as jati and nationality, inflected understandings of the nation/country in distinct ways.

Therefore, option (a) is the correct answer.

Consider the following statements:                                                                   The Parliament of India can place a particular law in the Ninth Schedule of the Constitution of India. The validity of a law placed in the Ninth Schedule cannot be examined by any court and no judgement can be made on it. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Consider the following statements:                                               

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Consider the following statements:                                                         The Parliament of India can place a particular law in the Ninth Schedule of the Constitution of India. The validity of a law placed in the Ninth Schedule cannot be examined by any court and no judgement can be made on it. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Consider the following statements:                                               

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