With reference to Indian history, consider the following statements:
- The Dutch established their factories/warehouses on the east coast on lands granted to them by Gajapati rulers.
- Alfonso de Albuquerque captured Goa from the Bijapur Sultanate.
- The English East India Company established a factory at Madras on a plot of land leased from a representative of the Vijayanagara empire.
Which of the statements given above are correct?
[UPSC Civil Services Exam – 2022 Prelims]
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
- Based on historical chronology, it can be concluded that Statement 1 is incorrect, as the Dutch East India Company was established in 1602, whereas the Gajapati rulers had already ruled over Kalinga and other regions of India from 1435 to 1541 CE.
- Alfonso De Albuquerque is regarded as the true architect of Portuguese domination in India during the period from 1509 to 1515. He achieved a significant milestone in 1510 AD when he successfully captured Goa from the Sultan of Bijapur, Ismail Adil Shah, with the assistance of Krishnadev Raya, the ruler of the Vijaynagar empire. Thus, statement 2 is correct.
- The English East India Company set up a trading post in Madras in 1639. The land for the factory was leased from representatives of the Nayakas, who ruled the Vijayanagara Empire. Therefore, statement 3 is correct.
Therefore, option (b) is the correct answer.