With reference to 8th August, 1942 in Indian history, which one of the following statements is correct?
[UPSC Civil Services Exam – 2021 Prelims]
(a) The Quit India Resolution was adopted by the AICC.
(b) The Viceroy’s Executive Council was expanded to include more Indians.
(c) The Congress ministries resigned in seven provinces.
(d) Cripps proposed an Indian Union with full Dominion Status once the Second World War was over.
- Quit India Movement: The Quit India resolution was passed on 8th August in 1942 in the Bombay Session of the All-India Congress Committee by Mahatma Gandhi. Hence option (a) is correct.
- August Offer: On 8 August 1940, the Viceroy Lord Linlithgow made a proposal called the August Offer which expanded the Executive Council to include more Indians. Hence option (b) is not correct.
- Congress Ministries Resignation: Congress ministries resigned in 1939, in opposition to the British decision to unilaterally announce India’s participation in Second World War. Hence option (c) is not correct.
- Cripps Offer: Cripps offer came in March 1942, which promised full dominion status for India after the Second World War. Hence option (d) is not correct.
Therefore, option (a) is the correct answer.