Which one of the following is associated with the issue of control and phasing out of the use of ozone-depleting substances?
[UPSC Civil Services Exam – 2015 Prelims]
(a) Bretton Woods Conference
(b) Montreal Protocol
(c) Kyoto Protocol
(d) Nagoya Protocol
- The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer is a significant international agreement that governs the production and use of approximately 100 artificial chemicals that are known as ozone-depleting substances (ODS).
- These substances, when released into the atmosphere, cause damage to the Earth’s stratospheric ozone layer, which acts as a protective barrier against harmful levels of ultraviolet radiation from the sun.
- The Protocol was adopted on September 16, 1987, and stands out as one of the few treaties to achieve universal ratification.