Which one of the following is a very significant aspect of the Champaran Satyagraha?
[UPSC Civil Services Exam – 2018 Prelims]
(a) Active all-India participation of lawyers, students and women in the National Movement
(b) Active involvement of Dalit and Tribal communities of India in the National Movement
(c) Joining of peasant unrest to India’s National Movement
(d) Drastic decrease in the cultivation of plantation crops and commercial crops
The Champaran Satyagraha of 1917
- The issue that sparked the Champaran Satyagraha was the Tinkathia System, which required farmers to cultivate indigo on 3/20th of their land.
- Mahatma Gandhi led the Satyagraha and was able to persuade the authorities to end the system.
- As a result of the Satyagraha, the demand for ending the Tinkathia System was accepted and the farmers received 25% compensation.
- The Champaran Satyagraha was significant because it was the first Satyagraha led by Gandhi in India and also because it linked peasant unrest to India’s national movement.
Therefore, option (c) is the correct answer.