Which among the following events happened earliest?
[UPSC Civil Services Exam – 2018 Prelims]
(a) Swami Dayanand established Arya Samaj.
(b) Dinabandhu Mitra wrote Neel Darpan.
(c) Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay wrote Anandmath.
(d) Satyendranath Tagore became the first Indian to succeed in the Indian Civil Services Examination.
- Neel Darpan, a Bengali play written by Dinabandhu Mitra, was published in Dhaka in 1860 (1858-1859).
- Arya Samaj, founded by Swami Dayanand Saraswati, gave the slogans ‘Go back to the Vedas’ and ‘the Vedas are the source of all knowledge’ in 1875 at Bombay.
- Anandmath, a Bengali novel written by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, was published in 1882, containing the national song of India, ‘Vande Mataram’.
- In 1864, Satyendranath Tagore became the first Indian to succeed in the Indian Civil Services Examination and was allotted Bombay Presidency Cadre.
Therefore, option (b) is the correct answer.