The seasonal reversal of winds is the typical characteristic of
[UPSC Civil Services Exam – 2014 Prelims]
(a) Equatorial climate
(b) Mediterranean climate
(c) Monsoon climate
(d) All of the above climates
- The monsoon climate is most prominent in regions such as the Indian subcontinent, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, parts of Vietnam, South China, and Northern Australia.
- It is defined by the onshore wet monsoon during the summer season and the offshore dry monsoon during winter.
- This climate type is primarily caused by the difference in the heating and cooling rates of land and sea, resulting in a seasonal reversal of wind direction during the year.
- The monsoon climate is characterized by a clear seasonal pattern.
Therefore, option (c) is the correct answer.