In which one among the following categories of protected areas in India are local people not allowed to collect and use the biomass?
[UPSC Civil Services Exam – 2012 Prelims]
(a) Biosphere Reserves
(b) National Parks
(c) Wetlands declared under Ramsar Convention
(d) Wildlife Sanctuaries
- Biosphere reserves serve as learning places for sustainable development.
- They test interdisciplinary approaches to managing social and ecological systems.
- Provide local solutions to global challenges.
- Areas set aside by national governments for preservation of natural environment
- May be designated for public recreation, historical or scientific interest
- Biomass collection and use is prohibited for local people
- Often viewed as wasteland and converted for development
- Over 64% of wetlands lost through drainage and conversion since 1900
- Freshwater-dependent nature in major decline
- Areas where animals and their habitats are protected from human disturbance
- Poaching and hunting strictly prohibited
- Examples include Chilika Lake Bird Sanctuary