In the context of Indian history, the principle of `Dyarchy (diarchy)’ refers to
[UPSC Civil Services Exam – 2017 Prelims]
(a) Division of the central legislature into two houses.
(b) Introduction of double government i.e., Central and State governments.
(c) Having two sets of rulers; one in London and another in Delhi.
(d) Division of the subjects delegated to the provinces into two categories.
- The Montague-Chelmsford reforms of 1919 introduced the system of Dyarchy, which aimed to provide more powers to provincial governments.
- Under this system, certain subjects such as finance and law and order were designated as ‘reserved’ subjects and remained under the direct control of the Governor.
- On the other hand, subjects such as education, public health, and local self-government were designated as ‘transferred’ subjects, which were to be controlled by ministers accountable to the Legislatures.
Therefore, option (d) is the correct answer.