In India, the problem of soil erosion is associated with which of the following?
- Terrace cultivation
- Tropical climate
Select the correct answer using the codes given below
[UPSC Civil Services Exam – 2014 Prelims]
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
- Soil erosion occurs when the uppermost fertile layer of soil is removed by wind or water.
- Several factors can cause soil erosion, including over-grazing, deforestation, and natural processes such as wind, water, and glaciers.
- Other factors include steep slopes, heavy rainfall, and improper agricultural practices like over-irrigation and shifting cultivation.
- Human activities such as mining and industrial processes can also contribute to soil erosion.
- To prevent soil erosion, various techniques can be used, such as terrace farming and contour plowing.
- These methods can help to control the rate of soil erosion and preserve the fertility of the soil.
Therefore, option (b) is the correct answer.