Consider the following pairs:
Regions sometimes mentioned in news Country
- Catalonia — Spain
- Crimea — Hungary
- Mindanao — Philippines
- Oromia — Nigeria
Which of the pairs given above are correctly matched?
[UPSC Civil Services Exam – 2018 Prelims]
(a) 1, 2 and 3
(b) 3 and 4 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 2 and 4 only
- Pair 1 is correctly matched: Catalonia is situated in Spain and shares borders with France, Andorra, Valencia, and Aragon. It lies on the eastern coast of Spain, next to the Mediterranean Sea.
- Pair 2 is not correctly matched: The Republic of Crimea is a Ukrainian territory situated on a peninsula that stretches between the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov. It is separated from Russia by the Kerch Strait, which is a narrow waterway.
- Pair 3 is correctly matched: Mindanao is an island located in the Philippines, which is surrounded by several seas, such as Bohol, Philippine, Celebes, and Sulu.
- Pair 4 is not correctly matched: Oromia is a regional state of Ethiopia, which is a landlocked country situated in Eastern Africa.
Therefore, option (c) is the correct answer.