Consider the following pairs:
|1.||Alma-Ata Declaration||Healthcare of the people|
|2.||Hague Convention||Biological and chemical weapons|
|3.||Talanoa Dialogue||Global climate change|
|4.||Under2 Coalition||Child rights|
Which of the pairs above is/are correctly matched?
[UPSC Civil Services Exam – 2020 Prelims]
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 4 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 2, 3 and 4 only
- Pair 1 is correct. The Alma Ata Declaration was adopted at an international conference on primary health care held in Kazakhstan in 1978. It was the first international declaration underlining the importance of primary health care.
- Pair 2 is incorrect. The Hague Convention is a multilateral treaty that came into existence on 1st May 1993. It applies to adoptions between countries that have ratified the convention and aims to protect children and their families against the risks of illegal, irregular, premature, or ill-prepared adoptions abroad. The Convention applies to children under 18 years, not under 16 years.
- Pair 3 is correct. The Talanoa Dialogue is a process designed to help countries implement and enhance their Nationally Determined Contributions by 2020. The Dialogue was mandated by the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention for Climate Change to take stock of the collective global efforts to reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases, in line with the goals of the Paris Agreement.
- Pair 4 is incorrect. The Under2 Coalition is a global community of state and regional governments committed to ambitious climate action in line with the Paris Agreement.