Consider the following pairs:
Historical place: Well-known for
- Burzahom: Rock-cut shrines
- Chandraketugarh: Terracotta art
- Ganeshwar: Copper artefacts
Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?
[UPSC Civil Services Exam – 2021 Prelims]
(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 3 only
(d) 2 and 3 only
- Pair 1: At Burzahom in the Kashmir valley, archaeological discoveries have revealed tools made of bones and stones, as well as artifacts associated with ritualistic practices. These findings provide insights into the natural environment and cultural practices of the Neolithic people. Therefore, Pair 1 is incorrectly matched.
- Pair 2: At Chandraketugarh, numerous terracotta artifacts have been excavated, including plaques featuring erotic art. This archaeological evidence supports the claim that Pair 2 is correctly matched.
- Pair 3: The Ganeshwar-Jodhpur archaeological site, located near the Khetri copper mines, has yielded various copper artifacts such as arrowheads, spearheads, bangles, pottery, and chisels. These findings indicate the presence of a thriving copper-based industry in the region. Consequently, Pair 3 is correctly matched. Additionally, the archaeological site known as Gilund, named after the present-day village, is locally referred to as Modiya Magari, meaning “bald habitation mound.”
Therefore. Option (d) is the correct answer.