Consider the following:
- Deification of the Buddha
- Treading the path of Bodhisattvas
- Image worship and rituals
Which of the above is/are the feature/ features of Mahayana Buddhism?
[UPSC Civil Services Exam – 2019 Prelims]
(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
Mahayana Buddhism is one of the two major branches of Buddhism that exist today. Unlike the other branch, Theravada Buddhism, Mahayana views Buddha not only as a great teacher but also as a deity. As a result, followers of Mahayana Buddhism began to venerate and worship images of Buddha. Additionally, the teachings of Mahayana Buddhism primarily revolve around the paths and practices of various Bodhisattvas, emphasizing the ideal of enlightenment and compassionate service to others.
|Mahayana Buddhism||Hinayana Buddhism|
|Scriptures written in Sanskrit.||Scriptures written in Pali.|
|Believes in idol worship of Buddha and Bodhisattvas embodying Buddha Nature.||Does not believe in idol worship of Buddha.|
|Mainly found in China, Japan, and Tibet.||Followed in Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, and Laos.|
|Believes in universal liberation from suffering for all beings.||Believes in individual salvation.|
Therefore, option (d) is the correct answer.