Building ‘Kalyaana Mandapas’ was a notable feature in the temple construction in the kingdom of

[UPSC Civil Services Exam – 2019 Prelims]

(a) Chalukya

(b) Chandela

(c) Rashtrakuta

(d) Vijayanagara


Answer: (d)

Explanation:

Vijayanagara Architecture – Key Features and Examples:

  • The Vijayanagara Empire was established in 1336 AD by Harihara and Bukka. The architectural style that flourished during this period is known as Vijayanagara architecture, which boasted several distinct characteristics.
  • Prominent among them were the construction of majestic Raya Gopurams, towering gateways that adorned temple complexes.
  • Another notable feature was the presence of intricately carved pillars in the Kalyana mandapam (marriage halls) within temple premises.
  • The Garbhagriha (sanctum sanctorum) and the Amman shrine were also significant architectural elements.
  • In terms of artistic motifs, the sculptures on the pillars predominantly showcased horses, adding a sense of grace and grandeur.
  • The construction of Kalyana Mandapas, specifically dedicated to conducting religious and ceremonial events, was a notable hallmark of temple architecture in the Vijayanagara kingdom.
  • Among the famous examples of Vijayanagara architecture, the Virupaksha Temple at Hampi stands out for its impressive design and artistic embellishments.
  • Another renowned structure is the Hazara Rama temple, commissioned by Deva Raya I, known for its intricate carvings depicting various mythological scenes.
  • These temples serve as excellent representations of the Vijayanagara style of architecture and highlight the empire’s rich cultural and artistic heritage.

Therefore, option (d) is the correct answer.

Consider the following statements:                                                                   The Parliament of India can place a particular law in the Ninth Schedule of the Constitution of India. The validity of a law placed in the Ninth Schedule cannot be examined by any court and no judgement can be made on it. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Consider the following statements:                                               

Read More »

Consider the following statements:                                                         The Parliament of India can place a particular law in the Ninth Schedule of the Constitution of India. The validity of a law placed in the Ninth Schedule cannot be examined by any court and no judgement can be made on it. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Consider the following statements:                                               

Read More »
Loading...
Left Menu Icon