The Narmada River flows to the west, while most other large peninsular rivers flow to the east. Why?
- It occupies a linear rift valley.
- It flows between the Vindhyas and the Satpuras.
- The land slopes to the west from Central India
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
[UPSC Civil Services Exam – 2013 Prelims]
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 1 and 3
- The Narmada River originates at an altitude of approximately 1,057m on the western side of the Amarkantak plateau.
- It is one of the few peninsular rivers that flow westwards, and unlike most others, it is perennial.
- The river passes through the Bharuch district of Gujarat, meandering across its fertile plain.
- As it flows through the rift valley between the Satpura and Vindhyan ranges, it creates a beautiful gorge in the marble rocks and the Dhuandhar waterfall near Jabalpur.
- The Narmada River flows for around 1,312 km before reaching the Arabian Sea, forming a wide estuary that stretches for 27 km south of Bharuch.
- The Sardar Sarovar Dam has been constructed on the river.
- It is often referred to as the ‘Lifeline of Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat’.
Therefore, option (a) is the correct answer.